22 - 27 August 2019

Carpentry

Carpenters interpret drawings, set out, measure and cut wood, form joints, assemble, install, and finish their products to a high standard. They are responsible for all the wooden structures involved in building projects, from installing staircases and building roofs to fitting windows and door-frames.

Carpentry is a precision skill that requires accuracy in measuring and cutting so that everything fits into the construction project smoothly and no wood is wasted. It is a skilled job requiring attention to detail and patience, often involving larger, more structural projects than cabinetmaking and joinery. Using power and hand tools, carpenters utilize ancient and modern techniques to work with wood and to execute perfectly the process of converting raw wood into finished products.

The expansion of job opportunities for carpenters is related to the rapid development of building materials and systems as well as the tools, machines, and plants. This development is particularly visible in the changes caused by the introduction of computerised construction. Job prospects for carpenters should improve over the coming years as construction activity continues to grow.

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Fun facts

For thousands of years, people had been using an axe, wooden wedges, and adze only to process wood. Saw became a widespread carpenter’s tool 400 years ago only.

The world’s most ancient wooden building is the Urmes Stave Church in Norway. Built in 1130, it is only about 900 years old.

Sawmilling originated in Holland in the 11th century. Logs were cut at wind-powered sawmills.

Russian Tsar Peter the Great enjoyed making things with his hands. He easily mastered carpentry and even went to Holland incognito to adopt the experience of European craftsmen.

Ebony is the most expensive wood in the world: one cubic metre of ebony costs approximately $100,000. For the ancient Egyptians, this wood was as valuable as gold and ivory.

Quotes

Axel Mellerin (New Zealand)
Axel Mellerin (New Zealand)
Competitor at WorldSkills São Paulo 2015

Skills changed my life because they changed my mindset. My passion pushed me to do more and more. Skills permitted me to participate in the best adventure of my life, the Worldskills Competition!

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